|State website:||2011 special session page|
|2010-cycle districts:||State legislature « NEW|
|2000-cycle districts:||State legislature|
|Primary governing law:||N.D. Const. art. IV, § 2; N.D. Code § 54-03-01.5|
Redistricting political control:
Governor State Senate State House Congressional lines n/a State legislative lines R 12 D, 35 R 25 D, 69 R (could override veto) 2000 cong. lines n/a 2000 state lines R 17 D, 32 R 29 D, 69 R
North Dakota has only one congressional district.
North Dakota state legislative lines are drawn by the state legislature, as a regular statute, subject to gubernatorial veto.
Census data were delivered to North Dakota on March 16, 2011.
The legislature's constitutional guideline for producing plans is the end of the first regular session after the census; that session began on January 4, 2011, and ended on May 2, 2011. However, in the 2011 session, the legislature passed HB 1267, establishing a legislative committee to prepare redistricting plans, asking for these plans by October 31, 2011, and requesting a special legislative session for the purpose of enacting these plans. [N.D. Const. art. IV, § 2; ] Candidates must file for state legislative primary elections by April 13, 2012. [N.D. Code §§ 16.1-11-06, -11; H.B.1267, 62d Leg. Assem., Reg. Sess. (N.D. 2011)]
North Dakota does not appear to prohibit redrawing these lines at any point mid-decade, before the next Census. [N.D. Const. art. IV, § 2]
Like all states, North Dakota must comply with constitutional equal population requirements; by statute, the legislature has also required that state legislative districts be populated as nearly equally "as is practicable," with deviations "kept at a minimum." These latter statutory requirements may be altered by the legislature. [N.D. Const. art. IV, § 2; N.D. Code § 54-03-01.5(5)]
North Dakota must also, like all states, comply with section 2 of the Voting Rights Act.
The North Dakota constitution further requires that districts be contiguous and compact. State legislative districts are, by definition, nested; one Senator and two Representatives are elected from each district. [N.D. Const. art. IV, § 2; N.D. Code § 54-03-01.5]
- 2000 cycle
In the 2000 redistricting cycle, North Dakota's legislature enacted state legislative districts on November 30, 2001. It appears that the plan was not challenged in court, though the ability of the legislature to truncate a sitting state Senator's term due to redistricting was challenged in state court; the challenge was denied. [Kelsh v. Jaeger, 641 N.W.2d 100 (N.D. 2002)]
- Other state links
Petition Relating to the Establishment of an Independent Legislative Redistricting Commission (signatures required by July 5, 2011)