Louisiana’s congressional and state legislative lines are drawn by the legislature, as normal legislation, subject to gubernatorial veto. Louisiana’s state Senate and state House will next be up for election in 2023.
Louisiana’s congressional and state legislative lines are both drawn by the state legislature, as a regular statute, subject to gubernatorial veto.
The Louisiana constitution grants the state Supreme Court jurisdiction to redraw state legislature lines if the legislature fails to do so. No similar provision exists for congressional lines. [La. Const. art. III, § 6(B)]
Louisiana state law does not impose a particular deadline for drawing congressional lines, though candidates must file for congressional primary elections by July 22, 2022. [La. Rev. Stat. §§ 18-467(2), –468(a)] The legislative session is currently scheduled to begin on Apr. 12, 2021, and end on June 10, 2021.
The state constitution requires that state legislative lines be drawn by Dec. 31, 2021. Candidates must qualify for state legislative primary elections by Aug. 10, 2023. [La. Const. art. III, § 6(A); La. Rev. Stat. §§ 18-467(1), -468(b)]
Louisiana places no limits on the ability to redraw congressional or state legislative district lines at any time, including before the next Census. [La. Op. Atty. Gen. No. 99-54 (1999)]
Like all states, Louisiana must comply with constitutional equal population requirements. The state constitution also asks that state legislative districts be apportioned as equally as practicable on the basis of population. [La. Const. art. III, § 6]
Louisiana must also, like all states, abide by the Voting Rights Act and constitutional rules on race.
Louisiana’s legislature enacted congressional plans (HB 6) on Apr. 13, 2011, which were signed by the Governor on Apr. 14, 2011, and precleared on Aug. 1, 2011. Challenges to the congressional map were voluntarily dismissed.
Louisiana’s legislature passed a state Senate plan (SB 1) on Apr. 12, 2011, and a state House plan (HB 1) on Apr. 11, 2011; both were signed by the Governor on Apr. 14, 2011. HB 1 was precleared on June 20, 2011, and SB 1 was precleared on June 28, 2011.
The legislature enacted both state Senate (SB 1) and state House (HB 1) plans on October 16, 2001. The Senate plans were precleared through the Department of Justice on July 2, 2002, but the state sought preclearance through federal court in Washington, D.C., for House plans. A settlement led to a new state House plan (HB 779) enacted by the legislature on May 7, 2003, and precleared on May 20, 2003. It appears that the plans were not further challenged in court.