California v. Ross
No. 3:18-cv-01865 (N.D. Cal.); No. 19-15456 (9th Cir.); No. 18-1214 (S. Ct.)
Federal trial court II
U.S. Supreme Court
Decision vacating and remanding
Federal trial court I
A federal challenge to the Department of Commerce’s inclusion of a citizenship question on the 2020 census questionnaire on two grounds (1) it violated the Constitutions “actual enumeration” mandate under Article I § 2, cl. 3 and (2) the inclusion of the citizenship question was arbitrary and capricious in violation of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA).
In March 2019, the trial court held the inclusion of the citizenship question violated the Constitution and was arbitrary and capricious. The court vacated the question and enjoined the Dept. of Commerce from including the citizenship question in the 2020 census. Following the decision, the Dept. of Commerce appealed to the Ninth Circuit and petitioned the Supreme Court to review the case.
The case was consolidated with San Jose v. Ross and on June 28, 2019 the Supreme Court vacated and remanded the cases to be reconsidered consistent with the Court’s decision in Dept. of Commerce v. New York. On July 11, 2019 the President issued an executive order acknowledging the citizenship question would not be included on the 2020 census questionnaire and the Dept. of Commerce moved to voluntarily dismiss the appeal to the Ninth Circuit, which the court granted on July 26, 2019.
On August 1, 2019, the trial court held the citizenship question was arbitrary and capricious and permanently enjoined the Dept. of Commerce from including the citizenship question on the 2020 census questionnaire.
HistoryCase filings, starting with most recent court
|Executive order||Jul 11, 2019|
|Motion for final judgement||Jul 30, 2019|
|Defendants' non-opposition||Jul 30, 2019|
|Final judgement||Aug 1, 2019|
|Motion to voluntarily dismiss||Jul 24, 2019|
|Order granting voluntary dismissal||Jul 26, 2019|
|Petition for a writ of certiorari (incl. appx.)||Mar 18, 2019|
|San Jose response||Mar 20, 2019|
|Amicus brief Fair Lines America Foundation||Mar 21, 2019|
|California response||Apr 5, 2019|
|Decision vacating and remanding||Jun 28, 2019|